Short Selling


Short selling, also known as “shorting” or “going short,” is an investment strategy where an investor sells borrowed securities with the expectation that their price will decline. The goal is to buy back the securities later at a lower price, thus making a profit from the price difference.


Borrowing Securities: The investor borrows securities from a broker with the intention to sell them in the market.

Selling in the Market: The borrowed securities are sold at the current market price.

Closing the Short Position:

Buying Back Securities: To close the short position, the investor repurchases the same amount of securities in the market.

Returning Borrowed Securities: The repurchased securities are returned to the lender (broker).

Risks and Considerations:

Unlimited Losses: Unlike traditional investing, losses in short selling can theoretically be infinite if the asset’s price keeps rising.

Timing Challenges: Predicting market declines accurately is essential for successful short selling.


Profit in a Bear Market: Short selling allows investors to profit from declining markets or specific stocks.

Risk Management: It provides a way to hedge against potential losses in a portfolio.


If an investor shorts 100 shares of Company X at ₹50 per share and later buys them back at ₹40 per share, the profit would be



How is short selling different from traditional investing?

In traditional investing, profits are made when asset prices rise, whereas short selling profits from falling prices.

Are there restrictions on short selling?

Regulations and restrictions may vary by country and exchange, and some stocks may have specific rules regarding short selling.

Can individual investors engage in short selling?

Yes, individual investors can engage in short selling, usually facilitated through brokerage accounts.

How is short interest calculated?

Short interest is the total number of shares sold short but not yet covered or closed out.


Short selling is an advanced trading strategy that allows investors to profit from declining market prices. While it can be a useful tool for hedging and speculation, it comes with significant risks and requires careful consideration of market dynamics.