Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)


A Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) is a company or trust that owns, operates, or finances income-generating real estate. REITs enable individuals to invest in a diversified portfolio of real estate assets, similar to mutual funds investing in various real estate properties and generating income.

Function of REITs:

Real Estate Investment Pooling: REITs pool capital from multiple investors to invest in a diversified range of real estate properties.

Income Generation: They generate income through rental properties, real estate mortgages, or sales of real estate assets.

Types of REITs:

Equity REITs: Own and manage income-producing real estate properties, generating revenue mainly from rental income.

Mortgage REITs (mREITs): Focus on real estate mortgages and generate income through interest on mortgage loans or mortgage-backed securities.


Diversification: Provides investors with access to a diversified real estate portfolio without direct ownership of properties.

Income Stream: Offers a steady income stream to investors through dividends generated from real estate activities.


An individual invests in a REIT focusing on commercial properties, allowing them to benefit from rental income and potential property appreciation without owning the properties outright.


How can investors access REITs?

Investors can buy shares of publicly-traded REITs on major stock exchanges or invest in non-traded REITs through brokerages or financial advisors.

What type of real estate assets do REITs typically own?

REITs may own various real estate assets like office buildings, shopping centers, apartments, hotels, or industrial properties.

Are REITs sensitive to real estate market fluctuations?

Yes, REITs’ performance can be affected by changes in real estate markets, interest rates, and economic conditions.

What advantages do REITs offer compared to owning physical properties?

REITs offer diversification, liquidity, and professional management without the responsibilities of property ownership.


Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) function as a collective investment vehicle that allows individuals to invest in a diversified portfolio of income-generating real estate properties. They offer an accessible way to invest in real estate while providing liquidity and a regular income stream.